Welcome to a K3 seminar with Sara Gottschalk and
Juliana Restrepo, PhD students in Interaction Design. At the talk they will
present their ongoing PhD projects.
The title of Sara Gottschalk’s talk
Sustainability for rent? Designerly approaches for forms of sustainable
The title of Juliana Restrepo’s talk
Relational Home-making – An everyday practice focused on existing and
potential relations between home, nature and systems.
They will take place on Wednesday,
November 6 at
10.15-12.00 in The K3 Open Studio, NIC 0541, Niagara.
you will find abstracts for the talks.
Abstract Juliana Restrepo:
My research positions itself in relation to metadesign, home
geographies, feminist theories and sustainability research. The overall focus
is on (future) homes and sustainability. I will use the term ‘Relational
home-making’ as a concept that focuses on situated care and ethics, and that
nurture people’s curiosity to acknowledging the constitutive relations between
what is visible/invisible, included/excluded, wanted/unwanted; in practices
that create, maintain and develop home(s) and feeling of home(s).
I am interested in exploring how different meanings, narratives, habits
create different everyday understandings of home. This exploration will
consider a broader perspective about the meaning of ‘home’ while reflecting on
the interdependence between a home with its location and the interactions
The project aims at building a collection of everyday stories and to
co-design ‘new tales’ (stories of practical knowledge) that can create
transdisciplinary understandings about how to care and nurture for our homes through
sensitization, preparation and collaboration.
Keywords and concepts:
Home-making, wisdom, resilient, re-orientation, preparation, know-how,
survival, everyday doing, well-being
Abstract Sara Gottschalk:
My research starts in an interest in the relationship between design,
societal transformations for sustainability and adaptation to climate- and
environmental changes. In this transformation, home and housing has a strong
connection both to the individual and society at large, and plays a central
role to enable various forms of sustainable living. Though many sustainable
concepts are being proposed for new buildings, my interest lies in the
transformation of the existing housing stock and the possibilities of doing
this process in a democratic and collaborative manner, with a special focus on
tenants´ position and participation in this transformation.
At this seminar I wish to discuss:
- How can complex, interdisciplinary and many-level
issues such as housing, be approached with a design-perspective?
- Methodology, design and ethnographic studies:
experiences, tips, etc?
The Swedish average environmental impact, can be expressed as about
10TCO2e* per capita (2016) (1) or as consumption
equivalent to about 4 planets/year (2018) (2), a clearly – environmentally and
socially – unsustainable standard of living. In Sweden, as well as globally,
this impact is unequal distributed, but as a quantitative measurement it gives
a hint of what is considered as “a normal way of living”. The first Swedish
environmental goal (3) stipulates a society without net greenhouse gas
emissions after 2045, and a truly sustainable consumption level means
consumption within “one planet”. It is hard not to interpret these numbers as a
call for major changes of “the normal way of living”, both as individuals and
the Swedish society as a whole. Solutions for changes, technologically,
economically, politically, culturally and behaviorally are being proposed, but
efforts made so far, are not enough.
In the richer parts of the world, lifestyle changes are at the very
heart of sustainable change, connecting the everyday life of individuals to
infrastructural organizations of the society. One aspect of this infrastructure
is housing, where and how we live. In Sweden, a deep split in the housing
market has become evident, where sustainability/unsustainability is used in two
completely different ways. One the one hand environmental sustainability being
branded in new built “flag-ship” areas such as Västra Hamnen in Malmö (4),
Kvillebäcken in Gothenburg (5) and Hammarby sjöstad in Stockholm (6); all areas
criticized for being targeted towards middle-class/upper-middle-class, and
through “tech-fixes” and relative sustainability, green-washing life-styles
with rather large environmental impact. On the other hand, the social dimension
being discussed in terms of the unsustainable segregation, “renoviction”
(“renovräkning”) and a dysfunctional building market targeting another group of
people. The current debate about the Swedish housing situation is dominated by
the shortage of affordable housing, especially tenure apartments, mainly in the
three major cities. The urgent need to build affordable housing has sparked a
discussion of building with lower standards of quality. The §marketisation of
the housing sector has contributing to the consumerist view of home as an
object of investment, and interior design as something to wear and tear,
contributing to increased pressure on natural resources. From this perspective,
environmental and social sustainability does not meet in the Swedish housing
Sustainability, design and life at home
With this background I see a great importance for alternative ways to
address, interpret, develop and give form to various ways of sustainable
living, and how to make them robust enough to meet future challenges of
climate- and environmental changes. In Sweden, 51% of the housing stock
consists of apartments, of which just over 59% are tenure apartments (11). I
have a special interest in the tenant’s position and opportunities to
participate in the design process of various sustainable living formats. In accordance with Allbolagen from 2011 (12) all tenants
are to be offered co-influence in the housing and in the housing company (13).
Today, there is no praxis in how this is to be done.
This also requires a better understanding of forms for sustainable
living. One approach to sustainability is to focus on environmental
and social goals of the sustainable development concept, giving the economic
dimension a subordinated role, either embedded as a mean in social
sustainability or simply as an outcome of environmental and social goals
instead of a goal in itself. This can be exemplified in models such as the Global Sustainable
Development Quadrant (8), the critical and heterodox doughnut economy model (9) and
recently in the Swedish research project Beyond BNP (10). This approach on
sustainability is something I am interesting to elaborate with in a housing
Overarching research questions:
- How can sustainable living better be understood
in aspects of environmental and social sustainability? And how can it be
understood in praxis?
- What opportunities exist, and can further be
developed, for tenants to be part of the design process of creating
sustainable living in apartments?
- How can society transform and adapt the existing
housing stock to coming challenges of climate- and environmental changes?
What is already being done? What can be done in a design-perspective?
utsläpp av växthusgaser per person och år, Naturvårdsverket: http://www.naturvardsverket.se/Sa-mar-miljon/Statistik-A-O/Vaxthusgaser-konsumtionsbaserade-utslapp-per-person/ (191020)
- Living Planet Report, 2018: https://www.wwf.se/rapport/living-planet-report/ (191020)
miljömål: http://www.sverigesmiljomal.se/ (191020)
- Holgersen, S.
(2017). Staden och kapitalet. Malmö i krisernas tid. Göteborg,
- Hagbert, P., & Femenías, P. (2016).
Sustainable homes, or simply energy-efficient buildings?. Journal of
housing and the built environment, 31(1), 1-17.
- Wangel, J.
(2013). Hur hållbara är Hammarby Sjöstad och Norra Djurgårdsstaden?.
- Network, G. F. (2017). Making the Sustainable
Development Goals consistent with sustainability.
- Raworth, K. (2017). Doughnut economics:
seven ways to think like a 21st century economist. White River
Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing.
- Hagbert, P.,
Finnveden, G., Fuehrer, P., Svenfelt, Å., Alfredsson, E., Aretun, A.,
Karin Bradley, K., Callmer, Å., Fauré, E., Gunnarsson-Östling, U.,
Hedberg, M., Hornborg, A., Isaksson, K., Malmaeus, M., Malmqvist, T.,
Nyblom, Å., Skånberg, K. & Öhlund, E. (2018). Framtider bortom
BNP-tillväxt: slutrapport från forskningsprogrammet “Bortom
BNP-tillväxt: scenarier för hållbart samhällsbyggande”.
[Stockholm]: KTH Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad.
- SCB, Drygt 4,7
bostäder i landet.:https://www.scb.se/hitta-statistik/statistik-efter-amne/boende-byggande-och-bebyggelse/bostadsbyggande-och-ombyggnad/bostadsbestand/pong/statistiknyhet/bostadsbestandet-2015-12-31/ (191020)
- Lagen om
allmännyttiga kommunala aktiebolag (AKBL), § 1, paragraf 3 (2010: 879)
- Boverket 2014:28,
Allmännyttans erbjudande till hyresgäster om boendeinflytande och
inflytande i bolaget
* Emissions embedded in
production from abroad included.